A Short History of Junkers Camp, Bettenhausen, KasselDonald F. McGonigal, UNRRA, 1947 (monograph) | bit.ly/cfbh_junkers

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Germans. Shoes and clothing, except where requisitioned or "scrounged" from German sources, came from the Hanau warehouse, but not in quantity until the autumn. Amenity supplies which included dentifrice, combs, wallets, and so on first arrived in early December from the UNRRA warehouse at Knielingen.

The energetic and able representative in Kurhessen of the YMCA, Mr. H. A. Smith, distributed a certain amount of badly needed sport equipment and games to Junkers Camp towards the end of 1945, but nothing was received from other voluntary agencies. UNRRA office supplies were non-existent, and it was impossible to get even a typewriter from the higher echelons of UNRRA.


The work of "winterization" of all DP camps in this area was undertaken by Military Government Detachment L4 at Kassel, and the work was carried out by German contractors engaged and supervised by the German Public Works and Building officials of the various municipalities and kreises. This work, which began at Junkers camp in the early part of October and consisted chiefly of replacing broken window glass, mending roofs and installing stoves, was completed in the first half of December.


In a report dated September 19th., Miss Tabard write that registration had been completed. The Area Welfare Officer, Mr. R. W. Collins, wrote in a report dated January 2, 1946, covering an inspection of the camp the latter part of December, as follows:

"This function is all done by DPs, but new persons are registered only with the approval of the Directory. The cards are all complete and in good order except for the occupation column which is often not filled out adequately. There is not always a cross referencing of family names in the remarks column, and some of the earlier cards fail to be signed by either registrant or the registree. The medical information is now being obtained and placed on the back of the cards by the medical officer. THe Latvians who work in the office know their work, were anxious to accept suggestions, and promised to make a check to complete these general deficiencies. The Registration Office has set up a very good separate file on work skills and occupation of all the population."


This content transcribes an original report of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), a separate copy of which is filed in the United Nations Archives (UNA), Reference number: S-1021-0081-05, Title: Monographs - DP-US 20 - Displaced Persons - United States Zone (Germany) - Histories of Individual Camps - History Report No. 30, Report: Baltin Camp in Bettenhausen, Kassel by D. F. McGonigal, Date: April 13, 1945. The UNA grants rights to reproduce with attribution. Additionally, this content is protected as a derivative work under Latvian Copyright Law Chapter 2 § 5 ¶ 3 and as part of a collection under Chapter 3 § 5 ¶ 1.2.

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