Riga's Jugendstil GrandeurNo. 11 Alberta iela

Eižens Laube circa 1913[1]

No. 11 was built in 1908, its architect, Eižens Laube.

Laube was a prolfic architect, responsible for over 200 buildings in Rīga, including landmarks such as the home of the Rīga Latvian Association (Latvian: Rigas Latviešu Biedrība) building.

Eižens Laube (May 25, 1880 – July 21, 1967) was born in Riga as a son of a potter. In 1899 he graduated Realschule and started architecture studies in Riga Polytechnic Institute. While still a student he started to work in Konstantīns Pēkšēns's architecture office in 1900. In 1904 he took a study trip to Finland where he was introduced to National Romanticism in architecture. Laube graduated from the Riga Polytechnic Institute's department of architecture in 1907. Soon after he established his own architectural office in Riga. He also became lecturer in Riga Polytechnic Institute.

In 1909 he traveled to Sweden and Germany to improve his professional abilities. In 1910 he took an identical trip to France. From 1909 to 1914 he was the official adviser to the Commission for Artistic Issues in Architecture, in Riga.

After the First World War started in 1915 Laube together with Riga Polytechnic Institute was evacuated to Moscow. He returned to Riga in 1917. In 1919 he became one of the founding members of University of Latvia and became Dean of Faculty of Architecture. He was elected professor in 1920. In 1922 he briefly became Rector of the university. He was also chairman of the Latvian Architects Society (1924–26). In the 1930s he again became dean of Faculty of Architecture. In 1938 he participated in establishment of first Latvian professional architectural magazine ''Latvijas Arhitektūra''.

After the Occupation of Latvia in 1940 he was dismissed from all posts but was not repressed[2]. In 1944 he emigrated to Germany where he worked as a professor of architecture at the Baltic University, Pinneberg, near Hamburg. He emigrated to the United States in 1950 to Olympia, Washington, working in architecture, moving to Portland, Oregon, in 1955. He devoted his last years to writing and died in July 21, 1967, in Portland.

Before World War I Laube was one of the pioneers of Riga Jugendstil movement, notably the lavishly decorated apartment building at 23 Tallinas Street 1901 together with Pēkšēns. His best-known works are in the National Romantic version of the style. He mainly used natural materials, different-colored bricks, local varieties of stone, metal, wood. Laube's building ornaments were typically flower and geometric motifs, and his buildings were usually directed upwards in a vertical shape. Later his works especially in the 1930s were influenced by more neo-classical influences.


[1]Photograph and biographical information from Wikipedia.
[2]"Repressed" refers to arbitrary imprisonment and/or deportation by Soviet occupation authorities.
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Alberta Street Nr. 11

Alberta Street Nr. 11

Alberta Street Nr. 11

Alberta Street Nr. 11

Alberta Street Nr. 11

Alberta Street Nr. 11

Alberta Street Nr. 11

Alberta Street Nr. 11

Alberta Street Nr. 11

Alberta Street Nr. 11

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