A Short History of Junkers Camp, Bettenhausen, KasselDonald F. McGonigal, UNRRA, 1947 (monograph)

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The first registration of the camp's inhabitants consisted of lists compiled by the nationality leaders and checked by Mrs. Shepe. In May, DP Det. # 54 furnished DP-1, -2 and -3 cards, and these were then made out by taking one nationality at a time and using a member of the nationality group concerned to make out the card. They were then checked and signed by Mrs. Shepe.

First Screening and Eligibility.

When Junkers was a slave labor camp, Mrs. Shepe says that 86 German workers whose homes had been destroyed by bombing were housed in the camp. When the more pressing questions of food, transport and supply had been dealt with, she requested these Germans to leave the camp and most of them left without more ado, but those who remained had their belongings carried out of camp by a willing band of DPs, the German owners followed at once, and the evictions were completed in a few days. Mrs. Shepe says there were two or three DPs known to her as former members of the SS in the camp, and they were removed by Captain Marye at her request.


There was no organized welfare activity in the first phase. The DPs organized their own dances and sports. The camp swimming pool was much used, and a swimming instructor was on duty there part of the time.

This content transcribes an original report of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), a separate copy of which is filed in the United Nations Archives (UNA), Reference number: S-1021-0081-05, Title: Monographs - DP-US 20 - Displaced Persons - United States Zone (Germany) - Histories of Individual Camps - History Report No. 30, Report: Baltin Camp in Bettenhausen, Kassel by D. F. McGonigal, Date: April 13, 1945. The UNA grants rights to reproduce with attribution. Additionally, this content is protected as a derivative work under Latvian Copyright Law Chapter 2 § 5 ¶ 3 and as part of a collection under Chapter 3 § 5 ¶ 1.2.

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