A Short History of Junkers Camp, Bettenhausen, KasselDonald F. McGonigal, UNRRA, 1947 (monograph)

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were 125 students and 26 teachers in the Latvian elementary and high school. Mr. Collins found that there were no books, except a few for the teachers.

Evening courses in English for Latvians numbered about fifty adults, and sewing and cooking classes for women were well attended.

Religious Services

The Catholic members of the camp population attended the Bettenhausen church. In July, a Lutheran pastor arrived in the camp and has held regular religious services for the Latvians since that time.

Boy Scout and Girl Guides

These groups were organized by the Latvians in August and have had a very beneficial and widespread influence on the life of the camp.

Latvian Choir

A famous Latvian composer then living in Junkers Camp organized a choir numbering about twenty persons in the beginning of July which gave frequent concerts in camp. It was often invited to entertain American troops and it did much in this way to spread good will for Baltic DPs among the military.

The Latvians are greatly interested in serious artistic performances, and there were frequent concerts in camp by visiting Latvian artists.

Theater Groups and National Dances

A theater group was established during the second phase which gave very good performances. In the report dated January 2, 1946, mentioned above, Mr. R.W. Collins wrote "The theater is well organized here, but this has taken no work by the staff, it being a natural program of the people."

In October, ballet dancing classes were organized by an Estonian teacher, and both Latvians and Estonians trained groups in their national dances. The Estonians succeeded in producing an excellent group of dancers.


This content transcribes an original report of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), a separate copy of which is filed in the United Nations Archives (UNA), Reference number: S-1021-0081-05, Title: Monographs - DP-US 20 - Displaced Persons - United States Zone (Germany) - Histories of Individual Camps - History Report No. 30, Report: Baltin Camp in Bettenhausen, Kassel by D. F. McGonigal, Date: April 13, 1945. The UNA grants rights to reproduce with attribution. Additionally, this content is protected as a derivative work under Latvian Copyright Law Chapter 2 § 5 ¶ 3 and as part of a collection under Chapter 3 § 5 ¶ 1.2.

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