A Short History of Junkers Camp, Bettenhausen, KasselDonald F. McGonigal, UNRRA, 1947 (monograph)

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pilferable form, including American cigarettes which had replaced money in Germany and sold on the black market for up to a hundred Marks a packet, was an operation which required a high degree of organization and supervision. In Junkers, the majority of the additional personnel required for this work were women because they were held to be more trustworthy, but the ideal solution was found to be the use of Boy Scouts, who proved incorruptible and who were fully rewarded for their work by the privilege of burning the containers at the end of the days work. Mr. Hansum checked the removal of the cigarettes from the parcels himself, and also held the only key to the locker in which they were stored, and as a result of this step and of tightened control generally, black marketing in Junkers sank to a new low.

When the order of October 11th. went into effect, the problem of warehousing was reduced to a minimum as it was forbidden to have more than a seven-day reserve on hand and all surpluses had to be turned in to the G 5 Warehouse. Three truckloads of foodstuffs went back to G 5 from Junkers Camp. Now, any surplus is turned back or deducted from the next issue of rations by the Army, and the question of warehousing food amounts chiefly to rotating the items in the seven-day reserve which may deteriorate, if kept too long.

General Warehouse

The small warehouse for general supplies such as nails, bulbs, cleaning materials, blankets, cots, and so on, was also reorganized along the same lines by Mr. Hansum, and the controls tightened. Issues were made daily on the basis of issue slips signed by him after satisfying himself that a need existed.

The clothing warehouse or storeroom and the storeroom for amenity supplies, as well as all the records pertaining to these projects, were maintained by Miss Ferreira, the Welfare Officer, and her staff.

On May 14th., the camp was inspected by a nutritional commission of high-ranking French, British and American Army Officers, and they complimented Mr. Hansum for the excellent appearance of his food warehouse and storerooms. In October, Mr. Barbosa, District Supply


This content transcribes an original report of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), a separate copy of which is filed in the United Nations Archives (UNA), Reference number: S-1021-0081-05, Title: Monographs - DP-US 20 - Displaced Persons - United States Zone (Germany) - Histories of Individual Camps - History Report No. 30, Report: Baltin Camp in Bettenhausen, Kassel by D. F. McGonigal, Date: April 13, 1945. The UNA grants rights to reproduce with attribution. Additionally, this content is protected as a derivative work under Latvian Copyright Law Chapter 2 § 5 ¶ 3 and as part of a collection under Chapter 3 § 5 ¶ 1.2.

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