A Short History of Junkers Camp, Bettenhausen, KasselDonald F. McGonigal, UNRRA, 1947 (monograph)

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appointed through their committee, a sub-committee of three persons to control billeting. The problems connection[1] with the separation of nationalities, sexes, families and so on, coupled with the changes in population and family status, makes billeting a difficult assign­ment, but the committee seems to have carried out its function to the satisfaction of all.

Fire Department

Captain Robert H McCauleu in a report of an inspection of the camp wrote as follows:

"Fire fighting methods in Junkers Camp consist of typewritten fire regulations posted in every room in the camp, and to squads of firemen each readily available in case of fire. The fire squads hold theoretical and practical exercises twice a week under the direction of a DP who was formerly a professional fireman. Fire Fighting equipment available to the fire fighting squads consists of 165 yards of hose, 6 nozzles and 3 wrenches for the six above-ground type hydrants in the camp. This equipment is kept in locked boxes. In addition to the equipment buckets of water are kept in each room in every barracks...."


The police force was reorganized by Mme. Laborde, who reduced their number to 26 and included only those with previous military service. Eight of the police were given carbines by an MP Company in the early part of the year, but these weapons were later taken away and were not replaced, during 1946.

In the early part of the year, Captain Cherny, Public Safety Officer of Mil. Gov. Det. F 14 in Kassel, brought four Polish Officers, POWs, from the British ZOne, one of whom was used by the Mil. Gov. courts as an interpreter, another as a defense counsel for DPs, and the remaining two as Chiefs of DP police for the Kassel area. These Police Chiefs occasionally dealt directly with the Chief of Police in Junkers Camp without passing through the Camp Director, but that practice was stopped when brought to the attention of Captain Cherny. As billeting and Messing became more restricted, it became impossible to billet and feed these persons outside the camps, and it throws an


This content transcribes an original report of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), a separate copy of which is filed in the United Nations Archives (UNA), Reference number: S-1021-0081-05, Title: Monographs - DP-US 20 - Displaced Persons - United States Zone (Germany) - Histories of Individual Camps - History Report No. 30, Report: Baltin Camp in Bettenhausen, Kassel by D. F. McGonigal, Date: April 13, 1945. The UNA grants rights to reproduce with attribution. Additionally, this content is protected as a derivative work under Latvian Copyright Law Chapter 2 § 5 ¶ 3 and as part of a collection under Chapter 3 § 5 ¶ 1.2.

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